Changing A Hindu Temple Into The Indrapuri Mosque In Aceh: The Beginning Of Islamisation In Indonesia – A Vernacular Architectural Context
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D. Beynon & F. Marcello.
International Conference st on Islamic Heritage Architecture and Art
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This paper elucidates on the process of Islamisation in relation to vernacular
architecture in Indonesia, from its beginning in Indonesia’s westernmost province
of Aceh, analysing this process of Islamisation from two different perspectives.
First, it reviews the human as the receiver of Islamic thought. Second, it discusses
the importance of the building (mosque or Mushalla) as a human praying place
that is influential in conducting Islamic thought and identity both politically and
This paper provides evidence for the role of architecture in the process of
Islamisation, by beginning with the functional shift of a Hindu temple located in
Aceh and its conversion into the Indrapuri Mosque. The paper argues that the
shape of the Indrapuri Mosque was critical to the process of Islamisation, being
the compositional basis of several mosques in other areas of Indonesia as Islam
developed. As a result, starting from Aceh but spreading throughout Indonesia,
particularly to its Eastern parts, Indonesia’s vernacular architecture was developed
by combining local identity with Islamic concepts.