Ethnography-Architecture in Kampong Kauman Semarang: A Comprehension of Cultural Toward Space
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"B. Atiek Suprapti
Nurdien H. Kistanto and Aristotulus E. Tungka"
American J. of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Year of Publication
During the last fifty years, there have been significant changes on the
perspectives of space. Space definition not only involves physical features but also deals with social
capital for human development. Regarding this matter, the research puts the perspective of space as a
subject or as a work of art that needs better comprehension rather than considering it as merely an
object or fact. Kampung Kauman is a traditional Moslem village located around the Grand Mosque in
some cities of Java. In the city of Semarang, Kauman area is an expression of human culture built up
over times and experiences for three centuries. Approach: The study applies investigative-method on
the transcendental aspects of space by using ethnography-architecture. The classification of
ethnography-architecture concentrates on single case. The method applies approaches on culture and
design and also participant observation as research tools which will be concluded with open themes.
Results: After observing Kauman Pompa Semarang, the research discovers local concepts of ‘the
charity space’ and ‘the social intensive space’. Conclusion: The research is a unique knowledge for
architecture since the approach on culture reveals the role of Islamic culture in establishing kampung
Kauman (Kauman village). Ethnography-architecture is applicable to other researches in investigating
the original space concept.